An underbite is characterized by the lower jaw extending out, causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the upper front teeth.
Spacing problems may be caused by missing teeth, or they may only be a cosmetic or aesthetic issue.
Upper Front Teeth Protrusion
The appearance and function of your teeth are impacted by this type of bite. It is characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward or the lower teeth not extending far enough forward.
Crowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt from the gum. Crowding can often be corrected by expansion, and many times, tooth removal can be avoided.
The upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth, which may cause tooth stratification and misaligned jaw growth.
The upper front teeth extend out over the lower front teeth, sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
Proper chewing is impacted by this type of bite, in which the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap. Openbite may cause a number of unwanted habits, such as tongue thrusting.
Dental Midlines not Matched
This type of problem is caused when the back bite does not fit and match appropriately, which may negatively impact jaw and proper dental function.
Thumb & Finger Sucking
Sucking is a natural reflex that relaxes and comforts babies and toddlers. Children usually cease the habit when the permanent front teeth are ready to erupt. Typically, this happens between the ages of 2 and 4 years. Digit sucking that persists beyond the eruption of permanent teeth can cause improper growth of the mouth and misalignment of the teeth. If you notice prolonged and/or vigorous digit sucking behavior in your child, talk to your dentist.
Here are some ways to help your child outgrow digit sucking:
- Don’t scold a child when they exhibit thumb or finger sucking behavior; instead, praise them when they don’t do it.
- Focus on eliminating the cause of anxiety—digit sucking is a comfort mechanism that helps children cope with stress or nervousness.
- Praise them when they refrain from the habit during difficult periods.
- Place a bandage on the finger or thumb or a sock on their hand at night.
- Incentive schemes that offer a reward for refraining from the habit can also be helpful.